Any work you have created, even if it is only laying in your desk drawer, is protected by copyright. The main rule for copyrights is that it applies for as long as the creator lives and 70 years after his or her year of death.
The copyright sets in automatically when the work is created. In order for a work to be protected by copyright, it must be established as a piece of work. It can be established if it is the product of independent and original creative work. Copyrights cannot protect an idea, a subject, or a plot; you cannot plagiarize a poem written by someone else, but you can write your own version on the same subject. How similar the poems are decides whether they are two different works of art.
The creator does not need to register, publish or mark the work with a © sign.
The copyright gives the creator both economic and moral rights:
Watch the tutorial to learn more about copyright:
The main exception to copyrights relates to private use. It is allowed to make a few copies of an original legal copy of a work for private use. This means that you cannot e.g. make a copy for private use of a music file on the web if it is distributed illegally. It is also forbidden to distribute copies of a legal copy made for private use.
Another exception that concerns the academic community is the right to quote protected material. You may quote the material in accordance with good academic practices, as much as is needed for your purposes, and in a relevant context; keep in mind that you have to mention the source whenever quoting.
Creative commons (CC) is an organization which offers several copyright-licenses used to define how to use and spread a work. You can use the CC-licenses on your own material, e.g. when uploading photos on a web page. There are four different criterias defining the licenses:
BY (Attribution) = The author must be mentioned
NC (Non-Commersial) = Not for commercial use
ND (No Derivative Works) = Not modifiable
SA (Share Alike)= Must be shared with the same license
The link below helps you choose the right license for your material;
Learn more on the different creative commons licenses:
The Ministry of Education and Culture has made a broader arrangement for photocopying and digitalization (such as scanning) for educational needs.
If teachers and students follow the licence agreements of the Kopiosto Digilupa they are allowed to scan printed publications and copy text and images from open websites for theses or enclosed study environments, such as ItsLearning.
Any infringements on copyrights will be followed by an obligation to compensate the creator for the damage caused. Penal codes have been enacted for the more blatant offences.
Check your knowledge on copyrights and social media with these quizes;